Difference of Legal Medicine and Forensic Medicine

Forensic medicine is the part of forensic medicine that deals with the examination of deceased persons, and that is the purpose of this chapter. Below are some general principles of working in forensic medicine. Although forensic legislation varies from country to country, a common principle is that when investigating a possible or suspected criminal death, a forensic pathologist is appointed at the official request of the police or prosecutor. The task of the forensic pathologist is then to assist in the examination as a medical expert. This expert role continues throughout the process, including legal proceedings at the request of the court and/or one of the parties. Forensic medicine refers to a field of study; not an individual. It can be defined as “a branch of medicine that applies the principles and knowledge of the medical sciences to problems in the field of law” (DiMaio & DiMaio, 2001, p. 1). Therefore, to be a practicing forensic pathologist, you must also be a doctor. Calling oneself a forensic pathologist without a medical degree and certification in forensic medicine could be considered fraud, or even perjury, if it is done under oath (e.g., affidavits and testimony under oath). promote cooperation among all those involved in forensic medicine and science in the African region; There are a number of important ways to fill this gap through training and contact with clinical forensic emergency medicine.

Forensic examinations must be performed with the consent of the patient, legal guardian or court, or by implied consent. The assessment should include a medical history and a physical examination documenting all wounds and describing them in as much detail as possible, as well as photos and anatomical diagrams.1 Even simple results such as bruises or bruises with associated injuries can be important clues about how the injury was sustained5 and can be invaluable in future legal proceedings. Assessments of gunshot and stab wounds, physical or sexual abuse, domestic violence and motor vehicle trauma should also be adequately documented so that they can potentially be used as evidence. Documentation should include digital photos as well as a story and diagrams. Forensics: The branch of medicine that deals with the application of medical knowledge to legal issues and legal proceedings. Forensic medicine is also known as forensic medicine. Promote training in forensic medicine and science through regular educational activities, scientific conferences and workshops; Some consider the terms “forensic” and “forensic” to be synonymous, but this is at odds with the title of the Faculty of Forensic and Forensic Medicine or the dual streams for advancement to the Australian College of Forensic Medicine Fellowship. The paper examines a very brief historical context of forensic medicine and develops a definition of its components, namely forensic and forensic medicine.

It shows that the two are different components of the application of medical knowledge to the legal system. Forensic medicine has greater relevance to civil law and tort law and affects patient care, while forensic medicine refers to criminal law and harm caused to or by patients. Once a patient agrees to obtain evidence, the steps outlined in the package should be followed. The collection of evidence should be based on the history of the attack. Box 128.3 lists the potential samples to be collected for the collection of forensic evidence.19,20 Emergency medicine programs have identified and described the need for forensic training in their technical school plans. The American College of Emergency Physicians established the Department of Forensic Medicine in 2006 to provide emergency clinicians with additional forensic resources and training. Unfortunately, there is currently no formal training program. In contrast, the UK`s Royal College of Physicians established the Faculty of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Medicine (FFLM) in 2006 as the lead institution for clinical forensic medicine in the UK. After 2 years of forensic practice, the MLFF has developed training and certification programmes and counselling-type certification examinations for UK doctors.4 The formal organisation of forensic and forensic experts is slightly different in different countries. In Central Europe, for example, forensic experts are recruited by a university, as this guarantees a scientific basis, independence and impartiality.

In Sweden and Finland, a national government agency is responsible for the management of forensic services, while in the United States, Canada and several other Anglo-Saxon countries, various systems are used under the generic terms “coroner`s system” and “forensic system”, systems that are not always easy to distinguish. All patients who are victims of physical or sexual assault, abuse or trauma have medico-legal needs. When treating injuries without regard to their medico-legal significance, emergency clinicians may misinterpret injuries, fail to recognize victims of violence or domestic violence, and improperly describe the physical appearance of wounds. During the provision of patient care, evidence that may be essential to criminal or civil proceedings may be lost, discarded or accidentally taken away,3 despite the Joint Commission`s requirements to “preserve evidence and support future legal actions.” Previous studies have shown that evidence can be inadvertently dismissed at initial assessment and that injuries are also not properly documented. Promote research in forensic medicine and science and secure the research funds/grants available for forensic medicine and scientific practitioners in Africa; Forensic medicine is mainly concerned with the examination and evaluation of people who have been injured or killed or who are suspected of external influences such as trauma or intoxication, but also people suspected of having injured another person. This means that not only victims and suspects of crime, but also suicides and accidental deaths are examined by a specialist in forensic medicine (or forensic medicine). People who have suffered non-fatal injuries after an intentionally self-inflicted or accidental injury or intoxication, on the other hand, are usually treated exclusively in the health care system. In many countries, forensic medicine is a medical specialty within the legal system, not within the health care system. Development of an African College of Forensic Medicine and Science to offer specialized fellowships in forensic medicine and science in the African region; The chain of custody, also known as a chain of evidence, refers to the detailed documentation of the trace of evidence from the time of collection to its publication in the course of a court case. To comply with the chain of custody, the kit must be billed at all times without error, and all transfers must be documented, including the police officer who assumes responsibility for the kit.

If the police are not available at the moment to retrieve the kit, it must be locked in a secure area reserved for such cases so that the data does not become invalid. If there are gaps in the chain of custody, the evidence may not be admissible in court. It is advisable that the EDs develop protocols for these meetings. Forensic medicine is defined as “the application of medical and paramedical scientific knowledge to certain areas of civil and criminal law” (Parikh, 1999). Evidentiary protocols vary by jurisdiction. The following discussion is based on the model protocol proposed by the State of California and the American College of Emergency Physicians Handbook.3 A physician may be active in forensic medicine, while an attorney with identical interests should work in medical jurisprudence.